The use of CBD during pregnancy is a much debated subject with some in favor of it and others in opposition. Most of the disagreements are based on the presence of THC in marijuana-derived CBD. In this article, we attempt to give you a bigger picture of the whole thing.
What Is CBD?
CBD is one among the multiple cannabinoids in cannabis plants. The sources of CBD include plants like marijuana and hemp. Although both are cannabis plants, their cannabinoid concentrations are different. CBD is the primary cannabinoid in hemp while in marijuana, it is THC. The law has legalized hemp-derived CBD alone, provided its THC level is less than 0.3%. In most products, the compound comes along with various cannabis compounds in a CBD product.
Depending on what compounds a cannabidiol product has, it can be grouped into three spectrum options. They are:
Full spectrum CBD
Full spectrum CBD has all essential compounds in cannabis plants. In case of legal hemp-derived CBD, the THC content has to be kept well below 0.3%. In addition to various cannabinoids, full spectrum CBD has various terpenes and flavonoids. Terpenes are responsible for the characteristic scent and flavor of cannabis extract.
The cannabinoids in full spectrum CBD include CBD, THC, CBN, CBG and CBGA.
Broad Spectrum CBD
Broad spectrum CBD does not have THC. Except for the fact, it is similar to full spectrum CBD. The presence of THC in cannabidiol products is not liked by some because it could lead to drug test failure.
Both full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD produces entourage effect in the users.
CBD isolate is the purest among the CBD spectrum options, as it has 99% CBD. It does not have any cannabinoids other than CBD. It is mostly in the form of crystalline solid or powder. Similar to broad spectrum CBD, isolate CBD is also suitable for people who take regular drug tests.
For the entourage effect, there should be more than one compound acting together. As CBD isolate has CBD alone, you cannot expect an entourage effect on taking it.
What Are The Benefits Of Using CBD During Pregnancy?
Although there is no official word about how safe CBD is for pregnant women, many women have shared their positive experiences on using CBD while they were pregnant. Here are some of the benefits.
Relief From Nausea
Pregnancy is often associated with difficult nausea symptoms for some women. Hyperemesis Gravidarum is a serious condition associated with severe nausea and vomiting that happens persistently, thereby causing dehydration in the women. They will struggle to maintain healthy body weight.
The symptoms of Hyperemesis gravidarum mostly improve after the 20th week but in some cases, they may last throughout the pregnancy period. First pregnancy, multiple pregnancy and obesity are some of the risk factors of the condition.
Because CBD has proven anti-emetic properties, it can be effectively used to treat nausea in pregnant women.
According to some reports, about 94% of pregnant women have some sleep issues and the most severe among them is persistent insomnia. Sleep is essential for the body to heal itself. Maternal health will be affected adversely due to a lack of adequate sleep. CBD has the ability to regulate our sleep-wake cycles and hence taking it will help mothers get enough sleep.
It is estimated that about 8.5% to 10.5% of pregnant women and 4.4% to 10.8% of women in their postpartum period have generalized anxiety disorder. The anxiolytic properties of CBD contribute to handling the anxiety symptoms effectively.
Why Is Marijuana Use Not Recommended During Pregnancy?
Marijuana use is not recommended for pregnant and breastfeeding women because it has a high amount of THC. It is known that developing fetus has an endocannabinoid system that is found in humans and most animals. The functions of the endocannabinoid system are regulated through its receptors.
In a study conducted in mouse embryos, the researchers found that THC inhibited the development of embryos that had less than 8 cells. A natural cannabinoid found in the body, anandamide also could stop the development of embryos. As CBD increases the levels of anandamide in your body, there may be negative side effects associated with using CBD during pregnancy, especially in the earlier stages. Take note of the fact that these are results of animal studies and may not be transferable to humans.
Most of the studies support the possible side effects on THC intake in pregnant women. It is recommended to avoid using marijuana and marijuana-derived CBD during pregnancy. Studies suggest that using marijuana during pregnancy can lead to the birth of smaller babies without adequate weight.
If you have plans of taking CBD during pregnancy, you should get the advice of your doctor first. Discuss the possible risks before you start CBD use.